Hypertension is a disease characterized by the increase of one’s systolic blood pressure above normal (80mmhg). It is one of world’s most complicated and silent killer disease alongside diabetes, high cholesterol, fatty liver disease, colon and rectal cancers, osteoporosis.
The condition is manageable with prescription drugs and appropriate lifestyle changes, including limiting your sodium intake, reducing or avoiding alcohol entirely, stop smoking, exercise and reducing stress. If left unmanaged high blood pressure can affect vital organs leading to organ malfunction, in some cases death.
In 2016 85% of deaths were due to heart attack and stroke, says WHO. Records suggest over 1.5 million cases occur in a year in Nigeria affecting people across age groups ranging from 19 to over 60 years of age.
In Africa these diseases have tracked the wave of western lifestyle practices sweeping across the continent: rapid urbanisation and people indulging in bad diets with fast foods and little to no exercise, theconversation.com notes.
Unknown Signs of High Blood Pressure
This condition usually have no symptoms, which means many people do not know they have hypertension. Africans, people who are obese and the elderly are most at risk.
Having a headache does not neccessarily mean you have a disease, a lack of adequate sleep could trigger a headache. However, over the years studies have shown headache to be more common among individuals diagnosed with hypertension than those who are not.
Other signs of hypertension include:
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Trouble breathing
- Irregular heartbeat
- Chest, neck or ears pounding
It is important to note troubling symptoms and talk to your doctor about them for proper diagnosis. Could it be indicative of high blood pressure or other minor or major conditions.