Hyperopia, also called farsightedness or hypermetropia, is a vision condition in which far objects seem to be clearer than nearby objects. This happens because the eyes of individuals with such condition focuses far objects better than those nearby. For that reason, near objects or reading a book close to the eyes appears blurry. It is different from another vision problem called myopia.
Hyperopia is a common vision condition in adults and it affects about a fourth of the population. It is important to note however, that people experience hyperopia differently. Most people may not notice any problems with their vision, especially when they are young. But as they grow older, they will notice nearby visions are rather blurry as compared to far visions.
Your eye specialist can be able to assess your eyes in determining how well your vision is. So paying a visit for eye check up is your first step in treating your vision problems. Hyperopia can be corrected with lenses, glasses or surgery, depending on what your eye specialist recommends.
What Causes Hyperopia?
Because farsightedness is often hereditary, most people who have a family member with hyperopia are at risk of developing the eye condition themselves. But family history is just a risk factor and not the real cause of the eye condition.
The real problem responsible for farsightedness is in how well your eyes is able to focus light rays on the retina. Hyperopia occurs when the distance between your retina and cornea is too short. This causes light rays to focus behind the retina, instead of directly on it. When this happens, near objects become blurry but distant objects look clearer.
How Can I Tell If I am Developing Hyperopia?
There are a number of symptoms that can suggest to you that something may be going on. Your duty is to report any symptoms of vision problems to your eye specialist who can check for the possible cause of your vision problem.
Here are 5 of the symptoms you can use to tell whether you may be developing hyperopia :
- People with hyperopia usually squint their eyes in other to see nearby objects.
- Reading, writing, computer work or drawing for long periods of time causes eye strain for farsighted individuals.
- They can have headaches.
- The eyeballs appear small
- Near vision is always blurry
What To Do
An eye care professional can diagnose hyperopia and other refractive errors during a comprehensive dilated eye examination. People with this condition often visit their eye care professional with complaints of visual discomfort or blurred vision especially at near distances.
Therefore, what you need to do when you notice any of the symptoms above is to find an eye specialist to report your symptoms. It is actually recommended that going for eye check ups should not be only when you have eye problems. You can book an appointment once a year or once every few months with your eye specialist for routine check up. This will help a great deal.
How is Hyperopia Managed?
There are three options available for correcting hyperopia. You and your eye specialist will discuss to see which of the options is preferrable to you and will be best suited for managing the problem. You can opt for a :
- Concave or Plus Spectacle Lens.
- Concave or plus Contact Lens.
- Refractive surgery.
You most likely will be given spectacles or glasses best fitted for your visual problem. But if you don’t like wearing glasses, then you can ask your eye specialist for contact lenses instead. Your vision may adjust overtime but many people may require using these glasses or lenses for the rest of their lives. If both glasses and lenses are not what you want, discuss about possible refractive surgery with your eye specialist.