It is important to keep your wound clean for faster healing in good time. Wound is an injury involving a cut or break in the skin. When you have a break or cut to the skin, the first thing to do is to wash and clean the surface of the wound with a clean water. This helps to remove any hidden dirt or debris from the wound surface.
Here are some tips on how to keep your wound clean for it to heal faster;
1. Wash Your Hands
Wash your hands very well with soap and water to make sure that your hands do not further contaminate the wound.
2. Use Mild Solution and Gauze
Open wounds heal better when you use a clean and sterile gauze dipped in an antiseptic solution. There are several antiseptics to choose from including savlon, normal saline, iodine, spirit, hydrogen peroxide, gentine violet (GV) etc. All these can promote faster wound healing.
Immediately you sustain any injury, clean the wound surface with any of the above mentioned solutions, then neatly cover with a sterile gauze and bandage to avoid exposure to dust and environmental contamination.
3. Apply Pressure
In cases whereby the wound is bleeding, apply pressure to the affected part by covering the wound with a clean gauze or dry clean cloth to stop the bleeding in order to prevent anaemia. But if after doing this and the bleeding still persists, then you need to visit your doctor for proper treatment.
4. Cover Open Wound and Keep it Moist
Medical practitioners discovered that covered wounds heal faster than wounds which are left open and exposed. This is because exposure to air can slow the proliferative phase of wound healing.
Properly covered and moist wounds form new tissues faster and skin begins to grow. In contrast, exposed wounds forms crust over the epithelial layer, inhibiting the growth of new glandular tissue which slows wound healing and causes more scar formation.
5. Elevate the Affected Part
When there is an injury, inflammatory process begins which makes fluid to accumulate in that area of injury causing oedema (swelling). Take for instance, an injury to the lower limb. It is very wise to elevate the leg while sleeping or sitting to promote good venous return. th6is helps to relief the swelling and promote wound healing.
Tips to Practice When You Are Discharged From the Hospital
Some wounds may be severe enough to warrant admission to the hospital for a few days, weeks or even months. Burn wounds, deep wounds and already infected wounds due to cellulitis or diabetes usually require some admission.
Your doctor and nurses will try to manage the wound for you with medications or surgery. Proper wound cleaning will be done for you at the hospital. When there is great improvement, you will then be discharged home.
Below are some of the important things you should be doing at home when you are discharged from the hospital to keep your wound clean for complete healing.
- Keep your wound covered: with a clean dressing until no more fluid is draining out. Your caregiver will instruct you on how to care for your wound and how often you are expected to visit the hospital for change of dressing.
- Wait for about 2-4 days after surgery before showering: Showering immediately after surgery may contaminate the surgical site. So your care giver will teach you how to cover the site to prevent contaminating it.
- Good nutrition: Vitamins and minerals are very essential to the human body. They play a very important role in the healing of wound. Ensure that you take more of vitamins, fruits and minimum protein. All these promote tissue repair, thereby healing your wound.
- Avoid soaking in a bath tub or swimming pool: Soaking the affected part may contaminate the wound because the water used may have some dirt in it. The dirt may seep into the wound and cause further damage.
- Try to keep pets away from the wound: Allowing pets to touch or lick your wound with their saliva or picking dirt from the environment into the wound exposes you to risk of contacting some animal borne disease and causing delay in the process of wound healing.
- Avoid picking or scratching the scar: Scar may form as the skin underneath tries to heal, but scratching or picking the wound causes injury to the new skin underneath leading to delayed wound healing and the scar may become worse.
- Use of antibiotics ointment or cream: Applying antibiotics ointment such as Neosporin or polysporin promotes wound healing by making the skin moist and keeping it free from infection. But when you have a minor cut or scratch, it is not necessary for you to apply any cream.
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