A healthy kidney diet can help protect your kidneys form further damage if you have been diagnosed with kidney disease. The aim of a diet for kidney disease is to limit certain foods to prevent the minerals in those foods from building up in you body.
Controlling diabetes and hypertension may help prevent kidney disease from getting worse, or developing kidney diseases. Staying at a healthy weight and eating a balance diet that is low in salt and fats can help you control your blood pressure. If you have diabetes, you can help control your blood sugar by carefully choosing what you eat and drink.
Diet and Kidney Disease
Dietary restrictions may vary, depending on the level of kidney damage. People in the early stages of kidney disease have different restrictions from those with kidney failure, also known as end – stage renal disease.
If you have kidney disease, your health care provider will determine the best diet for your needs. For those with advanced kidney disease, it’s important to follow a kidney friendly diet that helps decrease the amount of waste in the blood.
While dietary restriction vary, it’s commonly recommended that all people with kidney disease restrict the following nutrients.
- Sodium: sodium is found in many foods and a major component of table salt. A damage kidney can not filter out excess sodium, causing its blood levels to rise. It’s often recommended to limit sodium to less than 2,000mg per day.
- Potassium: plays many critical role in the body, but those with kidney disease need to limit potassium to avoid dangerously high blood levels. It’s usually recommended to limit potassium to less than 2,000mg per day.
- Phosphorus: damaged kidneys can’t remove excess phosphorus, a mineral in many foods. High levels can cause damage to the body, so dietary phosphorus is restricted to less than 800- 1,000mg per day in most patients.
Some Best Foods for People With Kidney Disease.
Remember, the most important thing to do is to work closely with your doctor and your dietitian when managing kidney problems. They will be in a better position to advise you based on the specific kidney disease and its severity.
However, here are some of the kidney friendly foods patients with kidney disease can consider:
This is a nutritious vegetable. It is a good source of many nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate. It’s also full of anti-inflammatory compounds like indoles and is an excellent source of fiber.
Blueberries are packed with nutrients. They and are one of the best sources of antioxidants you can eat in particular. These sweet berries contain antioxidants called anthocyanins, which may protect against heart disease, certain cancers, cognitive decline, and diabetes.
They also make a fantastic addition to a kidney – friendly diet, as they are low in sodium, phosphorus, and potassium.
Pineapples also supply good amounts of vitamin c, fiber, manganese and an enzyme that helps reduce inflammation, called bromelain.
Although egg yolk are very nutritious, they contain high amount of phosphorus. Therefore, egg whites are a better choice for people following a kidney diet. Egg whites provide a high quality, kidney friendly source of protein.
Plus they’re an excellent choice for people undergoing dialysis treatment, who have higher protein needs but need to limit phosphorus. Two large egg whites (66 grams) contain sodium (110mg), potassium (108mg), and phosphorus (10mg).
Since people with kidney disease are advised to limit salt intake, garlic is an excellent substitute. Garlic have low sodium content and is rich in vitamin c, vitamin B6, manganese and sulfur compounds.
They are therefore the best alternative to flavor your meals with.
This is a healthy source of fat and it is phosphorus free, making it a great option for people with kidney disease. The majority of fats in olive oil are monounsaturated fats which are stable at high temperature, making olive oil a healthy choice for cooking.
They are a savory ingredients that can be used as a plant-based meat substitute for those on a kidney diet who need to limit protein. Also, they are an excellent source of B vitamins, copper, manganese, and selenium which provide a good amount of plants based protein and dietary fiber.
Shiitake mushrooms are lower in potassium than portobello and white button mushrooms, making them a smart choice of those following a renal diet.
NOTE: kidney friendly foods are the excellent choice for people following a renal diet. Following a kidney diet can feel restrictive at times. But there are plenty of good foods that fit very well into a healthy, well balanced kidney friendly meal plan.
Again, remember to always discuss your food choices with your health provider to ensure that your are following the best kind of diet for your individual needs. Dietary restrictions vary depending on the type and level of kidney damage, as well as the medical intervention in place, such as dialysis treatment or medications.
Health line.com – 20 best foods for people with kidney disease