Water is a transparent and Nearly colorless chemical substances that is the main constituent of the earth’s streams, lakes and oceans; and the fluids of most living organisms. Its chemical formula is H20 meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are held together by covalent bonds.
Water covers 71% of the earths surface and it is vital for all known forms of life. On earth, 96.5% of the planet’s crust water is found in seas and oceans, 1.7% in groundwater, 1.7% in glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies. 0.001% in the air as vapor clouds (formed of ice and liquid water suspended in air) and precipitation.
Only 2.5% of this water is freshwater and 98.8% of that water is in ice ( excepting ice in clouds) and groundwater. water occurs as a liquid on the surface of the earth under normal conditions, which makes it invaluable for the transportation, for recreation, and as a habitat for a myriad of plants and animals.
The fact that water is readily changed to a vapor (gas) allows it to be transported through the atmosphere from the oceans to inland areas where it condenses and falls as rain, nourishing plant and animal life.
ESSENTIAL FACTS OF WATER
- Water is an essential component for the effective functioning of our body. Approximately 50 to 70 % of our body mass is made up of water, including skin, tissues, cells and organs.
- Water saves from dehydration. Dehydration is a condition in which the body doesn’t have enough water to support the vital functions.
- Water is required to process all the nutrients from the food we eat and carry the assimilated nutrients to the cell by circulating through the lymphatic system.
- Lack of water i6n the body can cause constipation, asthma, allergy, hypertension, migraine and many other health problems.
- Everyday we lose water through perspiration, urine, breath and bowel movements. Thus, it is important to replenish the body by drinking water.
- The institute of medicine has determined that the daily adequate intake of water for men is 3 liters and for women, it is 2.2 liters.
OTHER USES OF WATER
Water is a available in many forms including bottled water, flavored water, vitamin water and tap water.
- It plays a very important role in the preparation of food.
- It serves as a medium for cooking food, like in the process of steaming and boiling.
- It also acts as a carrier of flavors in fruits drinks, tea and coffee.
Most of the foods like beans, rice, curry require water for cooking.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF WATER
Just like the other organs of our body, skin is also made of several cells. Skin cells like any another organ cells require water to function properly and water is essential to maintain the optimum skin moisture and deliver essential nutrients to the skin cells
Keep Body Fluids Stable
Our Body is made up of 60% water, so water plays a vital role in keeping our body fits. These bodily fluids consisting of water helps in digestion, circulation, absorption, production of saliva and transportation of nutrients though out the body. Water helps to maintain the body temperature at normal intake of water helps your body to keep functioning well. our brain is up to 90% water while our tissues and muscles are up to 75% water. So when our body lacks fluid our brain stop working and we get migraines and headaches due to dehydration.
Keeps Muscles Healthy
Muscles are made up to 75% water, so it is necessary to provide them enough water. Having enough water will help keep their contraction normal and prevent muscular cramps. It will help you to exercise more, making you stronger and healthy.
Keeps Wrinkles at Bay
Water helps keep skin cells hydrated and working fine, so drink water to keep wrinkles away. Water plumps the skin cells up making them look less wrinkled. It also flushes impurities and toxins out of the system keeping your face fresh and clean and thus aid reduce acne formation.
Increase Energy and Reduce Fatigue
Since our brain is mostly water, drinking water helps us to think, focus and concentrate, better and be more alert. As an added bonus, your energy levels are also boosted.
Maintains a Healthy Digestive System
Water helps in the digestive process and it helps to keep the kidney working normally. If there is a lack of water in the body, it will result in constipation, so those with constipation problems should drink lots of water to keep their digestive system working fine.
Helps in Weight Loss
When there is a loss of water, the kidney cannot function at its best making it shed excess burden on the liver. The liver helps to burn off the fat into energy as it should, resulting in fat deposit. Take water in good quantity to prevent fat deposit and to keep yourself healthy. You can say that losing weight is one of the advantages of drinking water.