The body stores and keeps excess fat as reserve in case of any emergencies, like starvation or for recovery. However, having a lot of body fat has been shown to be a major risk factors for a number of diseases and hence, there is need for you to try reducing any excess body fats you may have.
The life threatening, unhealthy ‘deep’ organ or visceral fat (such as belly fat) is lost first when you go on a diet that reduces your calories to below your daily requirement and your body starts to make energy from the fat it has stored. Subcutaneous Fat is more challenging to lose, and in excess it may be seen as unattractive.
This articles lists out a number of diseases that are associated with excess body fat. But before we talk about that, let’s do a quick review of some important weight loss tips which covers diet and exercise.
- Eating whole grains and lean proteins, especially lower Glycemic Index fruits and vegetables. You may at times avoid fruit altogether to keep all sugars as low as possible (but make sure you’re getting plenty of veggies for your vitamin and mineral needs).
- Removing all white refined carbohydrates and replace them with complex whole ‘browner’ grains.
- Doing a 30-45 minute work out, three time per week.
- Eating little and often. Have smaller protein-packed snacks, totalling 5-6 little, regular meals a day.
- Doing two sessions of resistance (weight) training on your off workout days.
Now let’s look at some common diseases that are associated with having excess body fat. They include :
High blood pressure
Additional fat tissue in the body needs oxygen and nutrients in order to live, which requires the blood vessels to circulate more blood to the fat tissue. This increases the workload of the heart because it must pump more blood through additional blood vessels. More circulating blood also means more pressure on the artery walls. Higher pressure on the artery walls increases the blood pressure. In addition, extra weight can raise the heart rate and reduce the body’s ability to transport blood through the vessels.
Obesity is the major cause of type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes usually begins in adulthood but, is now actually occurring in children. Obesity can cause resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. When obesity causes insulin resistance, the blood sugar becomes elevated. Even moderate obesity dramatically increases the risk of diabetes.
Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is present 10 times more often in obese people compared to those who are not obese. Coronary artery disease is also more prevalent because fatty deposits build up in arteries that supply the heart. Narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Blood clots can also form in narrowed arteries and cause a stroke.
Obesity can affect the knees and hips causing problems like osteoarthritis because of the stress placed on the joints by extra weight. Joint replacement surgery, while commonly performed on damaged joints, may not be an advisable option for an obese person because the artificial joint has a higher risk of loosening and causing further damage.
Sleep apnea, which causes people to stop breathing for brief periods, interrupts sleep throughout the night and causes sleepiness during the day. It also causes heavy snoring. Respiratory problems associated with obesity occur when added weight of the chest wall squeezes the lungs and causes restricted breathing. Sleep apnea is also associated with high blood pressure.
In women, being overweight contributes to an increased risk for a variety of cancers including breast cancer, colon cancer, gallbladder cancer, and uterine cancer. Men who are overweight have a higher risk of colon cancer and prostate cancers.
The National Cholesterol Education Program has identified metabolic syndrome as a complex risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome consists of six major components: abdominal obesity, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance with or without glucose intolerance, elevation of certain blood components that indicate inflammation, and elevation of certain clotting factors in the blood. In many countries, approximately one-third of overweight or obese persons exhibit metabolic syndrome.
In a culture where often the ideal of physical attractiveness is to be overly thin, people who are overweight or obese frequently suffer disadvantages. Overweight and obese persons are often blamed for their condition and may be considered to be lazy or weak-willed.
It is not uncommon for overweight or obese conditions to result in persons having lower incomes or having fewer or no romantic relationships. Disapproval of overweight persons expressed by some individuals may progress to bias, discrimination, and even torment, especially during childhood.