CHILDREN’S HEALTH : Congenital Heart Disease

What you need to know about congenital heart diseases including risk factors, diagnosis and how they are treated

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The Dangers of Childhood Obesity

Obesity in children is defined as the excess accumulation of fat in the body which negatively affects the child’s health. Obesity in general is a worldwide problem as it poses the risk of developing life-threatening illnesses. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a widely used screening tool to measure obesity. It is acceptable for use in children two years of age and above. It is the measure of the body weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. The normal range for a BMI in children vary…

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Children’s Health: Common fractures and their management

A fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone. A pediatric fracture is a condition in which the bone of a person below the age of 18 years is cracked or broken. Fractures in children differ from that in adults because the bones in a child are still growing. Due to this fact, pediatric fractures need more consideration because it can affect the growth of the child. Bones are made to support certain forces, however, if the force applied is too much than the bone can absorb a…

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Urinary Tract Infection In Children

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of organs that make, store and get rid of urine and they include: Two kidneys which are responsible for urine production. Two ureters; these are tubes which connect the kidneys to the bladder. A bladder which stores the urine produced until it is excreted. A urethra, this is a tube which empties the urine from the bladder to outside the body.   Girls are at a greater risk of developing a UTI…

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Sexual Abuse in Children – know all the facts

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), child sexual abuse is defined as “the involvement of a child in sexual activity that he or she Sexual Abuse in Children – know all the factsdoes not fully comprehend, is unable to give informed consent to, or for which the child is not developmentally prepared and cannot give consent, or that violates the laws of social taboos of society.” There are different types of child sexual abuse and a few include: Engaging in sexual activities with a child. Indecent exposure of the…

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The Dangers of Female Genital Circumcision

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO). This is unlike the male circumcision which is widely acceptable and recommended by WHO. The external  organs of the female reproductive system consist of the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, Bartholin glands and clitoris. They are contained in an area called the vulva. These…

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Children’s Health: Benefits of Circumcision to Your Male Child

INTRODUCTION Circumcision is a surgical procedure to remove the foreskin from the head of the penis which is known as the glans penis. In some cultures, circumcision is done for religious beliefs or ceremonial traditions. It is an elective procedure, with the percentage of circumcised newborn boys varying among socioeconomic, racial and ethnic groups. Female genital mutilation (FGM), which refers to circumcision in girls is strongly discouraged by the medical community. Parents are advised to refrain from such activities as there have been no medical grounds to support any benefit…

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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections In Children

The respiratory tract is a part of the respiratory system which helps with the process of respiration. It is divided into an upper and lower respiratory tract. The upper respiratory tract includes structures such as the nose, nasal cavity, mouth, throat (pharynx), and voice box (larynx). The lower respiratory tract includes structures such as windpipe (trachea), the lungs and the structures within it such as bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. Upper respiratory tract infections also known as ‘common cold’ is very common in children. It is one of the leading causes…

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HIV In Children: Symptoms and Prevention

INTRODUCTION An HIV infection is a range of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. As the infection progresses, it interferes with the immune system. HIV attacks and destroys cells of the immune system that fight infection, called CD4 cells. When these CD4 cells get destroyed, the body finds it difficult to fight infections and some cancers. In the absence of treatment, HIV will destroy the immune system and advance to its late stage called AIDS. The number of children infected with HIV has increased dramatically especially in…

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