Beri-beri: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Beriberi is a severe form of thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. Read more…

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Hernia: Causes and Symptoms

When there is a weakness in the layers that cover any body cavity, organs in that body cavity can protrude through that area of weakness to the outside of that cavity. When this happens, a hernia is said to have occurred. A hernia can occur in any part of the body, but abdominal hernias are more predominantly seen. An abdominal hernia therefore, is defined as the bulging of a part of an abdominal organ (especially the intestine) or an abdominal tissue through a weakened abdominal wall which covers the organs.…

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Acute Flaccid Paralysis: Causes and Treatment

Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is defined as a sudden onset of paralysis/weakness in any part of the body of a child less than 15 years of age. This syndromic reporting strategy, of investigating all AFP cases rather than just “suspected poliomyelitis”, serves many purposes. This case definition also extends to any person of any age with paralytic illness in whom a clinician suspects poliomyelitis. It is a lower motor neuron lesion. The term “flaccid” indicates the absence of spasticity or other signs of disordered central nervous system motor tracts such…

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Reversible causes of Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest results from inadequate or absent ventricular contractions which lead to circulatory failure. It is associated with respiratory arrest as one can lead to the other. In giving advanced life support to patients who suffer cardiac arrest, it is important to determine what was the cause of the arrest. A mnemonic of “6Hs and 6Ts” have been brought out to enumerate the reversible causes of cardiac arrest for healthcare givers to work with when providing advanced life support. These causes if not properly and quickly  tackled can eventually lead…

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