Hernia: Causes and Symptoms

When there is a weakness in the layers that cover any body cavity, organs in that body cavity can protrude through that area of weakness to the outside of that cavity. When this happens, a hernia is said to have occurred. A hernia can occur in any part of the body, but abdominal hernias are more predominantly seen. An abdominal hernia therefore, is defined as the bulging of a part of an abdominal organ (especially the intestine) or an abdominal tissue through a weakened abdominal wall which covers the organs.…

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Acute Flaccid Paralysis: Causes and Treatment

Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is defined as a sudden onset of paralysis/weakness in any part of the body of a child less than 15 years of age. This syndromic reporting strategy, of investigating all AFP cases rather than just “suspected poliomyelitis”, serves many purposes. This case definition also extends to any person of any age with paralytic illness in whom a clinician suspects poliomyelitis. It is a lower motor neuron lesion. The term “flaccid” indicates the absence of spasticity or other signs of disordered central nervous system motor tracts such…

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