RAPE – The Mental and Emotional Impact

The impact of rape is very debilitating on victims and also the community. Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person’s consent. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority, or against a person who is incapable of giving valid consent, such as one who is unconscious, incapacitated, has an intellectual disability or is below the legal age of consent. Facts Over 70% of rapes are committed by…

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PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE: what does it mean?

In a previous article published, we spoke about Acute Limb Ischeamia (ALI) as one of the vascular diseases worthy of note in many developing countries. ALI is a condition that reduces flow of blood to the limbs due to the presence of a blood clot. But this condition, in many cases, is secondary to Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). In this article, our aim is to bring to your knowledge the medical condition known as PAD, which is also a vascular emergency. This article should help you understand what is peripheral…

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RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS – symptoms, risk factors and treatment

 Pains in the joints is a frequent complaint in lots of people all over the world, affecting different genders and people who engage in different kinds of work. Most of these people end up dosing on all kinds of painkillers to numb their self-diagnosed body hurt and this has become a normality among a large number. But you need to know when is the right time to take these painkillers. It is important that we stop this rush on pain killers and self-diagnoses and seek professional medical help always. This…

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How To Keep Your Wound Clean For Faster Healing

It is important to keep your wound clean for faster healing in good time. Wound is an injury involving a cut or break in the skin. When you have a break or cut to the skin, the first thing to do is to wash and clean the surface of the wound with a clean water. This helps to remove any hidden dirt or debris from the wound surface. Here are some tips on how to keep your wound clean for it to heal faster; 1. Wash Your Hands Wash your…

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Shortness of Breath Meaning and Causes

Having shortness of breath is a common symptom reported by both children and adults. This article will focus on the meaning of shortness of breath, what it could suggest and what can be done. Shortness of Breath Meaning Dyspnea is the medical term for Shortness of breath, or breathlessness. It is when a person has trouble taking in enough air to breathe. Shortness of breath is the feeling that you cannot get enough air into your lungs. It can signal an underlying health problem. Sometimes the feeling is worse when…

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ANEMIA: symptoms, types and treatment

Anemia is a blood disorder. Your body contains about 5 to 6 quarts of blood, which are constantly being pumped throughout your body by your heart. Blood carries oxygen, nutrients, and other essential compounds. It also helps regulate your body temperature, fights infection, and gets rid of waste products. When something goes wrong in your blood, it can have a big impact on your health and quality of life. In anemia, your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells (RBCs). RBCs are one of the three main types of blood…

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HYPOTHYROIDISM – causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid gland, is a disease that affects the thyroid gland. It is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones to be released into the blood stream. This could be due to an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s disease, congenital absence of the gland or from surgical removal of the thyroid gland. Underactive thyroid gland can lead to defunct in normal metabolic activities of the body. What is the Thyroid Gland? The thyroid gland is a h-shaped or butterfly shaped endocrine gland located…

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Herpetic Whitlow (Finger Whitlow)

What Is Whitlow? Whitlow is a self-limited disease, which means it can resolve on its own. It is also known as herpetic whitlow, finger whitlow or digital herpes simplex. A whitlow appears as an abscess in the soft tissue near a fingernail or toenail. A herpetic whitlow or whitlow finger usually affects the fleshy area of the fingertip. It can be very painful and highly contagious. A whitlow can occur when broken skin on your finger comes in direct contact with body fluids infected with the herpes simplex virus (HSV).…

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ACUTE LIMB ISCHAEMIA : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

As a medical intern, I assisted a vascular surgeon in all her surgeries for a month. I did some research on medical topics to write about and discovered there is not much on the statistics of vascular events in many African countries and no essential data was actually found. This could mean that such patients may actually not be living long enough to the extent where these vascular emergencies can be recognised in the medical facilities. The predisposing factors of Peripheral Vascular Injuries may include diabetes, smoking, old age e.t.c.…

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PYELONEPHRITIS : causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidney which leads to inflammation of the kidney. It occurs as a complication of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). UTI happens commonly when bacteria enters through the urethra to the bladder, which then spreads from the bladder to the kidneys and their collecting systems. Pyelonephritis presents itself as either acute or chronic. Chronic pyelonephritis occurs due to continuous infections of the kidney. Chronic pyelonephritis is more common in children with urinary obstructions. Acute pyelonephritis results from sudden and severe bacterial infection of the kidney.…

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