Birth control , also known as contraception or fertility control, is designed to prevent pregnancy. This has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century. Planning, making available, and using birth control is called family planning.
Most cultures limit or discourage access to control processes because they consider it to be morally, religiously, or politically undesirable. Although these methods may work in a number of different ways that prevents sperm from getting to the eggs.
Your choice should depend on several factors. These may include your health, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners and desire to have children in the future. Your health care provider can help you select the best form of birth control for you.
What are the available options?
- Barrier methods – Examples include male and female condoms, as well as the diaphragm, cervical cap and contraceptive sponge.
- Hormonal methods – Examples include birth control pills, as well as the vaginal ring, contraceptive implant, contraceptive injection and control patch.
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs) – Examples include the copper IUD (ParaGard) and the hormonal IUD (Mirena, Skyla, Kyleena, others).
- Sterilization – Examples include tubal ligation or the Essure system for women, and vasectomy for men.
- Natural family planning – Examples include the rhythm, basal body temperature and cervical mucus methods.
Some Reasons People Choose This
Although there are people who refuse birth control for cultural and religious reasons, modern medicine advocates birth control because of its health, environmental and economic benefits.
People are most likely to go for any avaialable methods because of the following reasons:
- Because you know you don’t want kids (for now, at least).
- To control problematic menstrual periods and ovarian cysts.
- To treat menstrual migraines.
- To deal with the symptoms of perimenopause.
- Because it helps treat the symptoms of endometriosis.
- It helps you live a normal life with PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome).
- To enjoy sex without making a baby or contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
- It helps in regulating your hormones and improve your mental health.
- To eliminate period altogether.
- To lower the risk of ovarian cancer.