According to the NHS, normal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher. Malignant hypertension is considered to be 180/120mmHg or higher.
Majority of the persons living with high blood pressure, don’t really know they have it, because they don’t show symptoms at all until later stages of the condition. It’s vital to know if you have high blood pressure or not, as it can lead to serious health problems like heart attacks and strokes.
Here are some important signs that suggest high blood pressure.
1. Severe Headache
A severe headache with inability to link cause could be a sign that your blood pressure is as high as 180/120mmHg.
Blood pressure over 180/120mmHg could cause permanent damage to your blood vessels. You could be needing more than just over the counter pain relievers. See your doctor to check your blood pressure and give required care.
Uncontrolled blood pressure could lead to confusion and memory problems. Keep your blood pressure below 130/85mmHg. See your doctor for more solutions if you’re having memory problems.
People who sleep five hours or less a night may be at higher risk of developing high blood pressure or worsening already high blood pressure. There’s also an increased risk of high blood pressure for people who sleep between five and six hours a night; says MayoClinic.
The body needs sleep, just as it needs air and food to function at its best. During sleep, your body heals itself and restores its chemical balance. Inadequate sleep could hurt your body’s ability to regulate stress hormones, leading to high blood pressure.
Getting enough sleep could serve as treatment and prevention of high blood pressure. Talk to your doctor for tips on getting better sleep, especially if you have high blood pressure.
4. Vision Problems
Untreated high blood pressure can also affect your eyesight and lead to eye disease, such as;
- Choroidopathy: Choroidopathy is a condition when fluids accumulate under the retina due to a leaky blood vessel in one of the blood vessel layers under the retina.
- Retinopathy: Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the area at the back of the eye where images focus. Limiting its function, and causing vision problems.
- Optic Neuropathy: This may occur in advanced stages of retinopathy or choroidopathy. A result from blocked blood vessels that damage your optic nerves and slowly killing the nerve cells in your eyes. Optic neuropathy could lead to vision loss.
LiveStrong states that an unexplained nosebleeds could be a warning sign of uncontrolled hypertension. Nosebleeds may be caused by a hypertensive emergency, which is where blood pressure rises above 180/120mmHg.
You should seek medical attention straight away if you think you’re having a hypertensive emergency
6. Difficulty Breathing
Inability to breathe normally is one most common sign of asthma, but in some cases high blood pressure could be to blame. Difficulty breathing gets worsened with day to day activities, such as climbing stairs.
A Chest Xrays, ECG and EKG could point your doctor towards the right management for you complain.
7. Neck and Ear Pounding
The carotid arteries, which supply the head and neck, can relay strange sounds or feelings when the blood flow isn’t smooth, said Harvard Medical School, causing pulsations feeling on the back of their neck, or a sound of rushing blood in their ears (Pulsatile tinnitus).
The sound is most often heard when lying in bed, or sitting quietly. “Feeling pulsations on your neck or rushing of blood in your ears – this is due to heightened awareness of your body and is most often due to anxiety.”
8. Persistent Chest Pain
Chest pain points to a number of conditions, including non-cardiovascular diseases. However, if you’re hypertension and with persistent chest pain, this could raise alarm your blood pressure is under-controlled and extremely high.
Speak to a doctor if you’re worried about the signs, this could enable give advice and best therapy or medication to control your condition.
9. Irregular Heartbeats
Based on a 2014 study published in the journal of science signalling, scientists led by Chen-Izu, said. “Under conditions of heavy, persistent mechanical load, the heart’s fine-tuned calcium control system becomes unstable, causing irregular heartbeats,”
See your care giver if you are having irregular heartbeats; High blood pressure can increase arrhythmias, which may lead to sudden cardiac death, heart failure, and stroke.
10. Blood in the Urine
Discovering blood in your urine could also indicate that your blood pressure is out of the normal range, According to research.
Hematuria is more common in an individual with large kidneys and high blood pressure.
Most people may complain of lower abdominal pain, pain passing urine or change in urine color. See your doctor if you’re experiencing any of these symptoms for further investigations.